Unveiling the Dynamics Shaping Second Language Acquisition: Identifying Motivation Types and the Role of Motivation Factors Affecting Sustainable ESL and EFL learning

This research aims to identify the motivation types of second language learners (SLLs) and determine whether motivational factors affect motivation in second language acquisition. The purpose of the study is to explore how SLLs’ motivation affects their learning process and how learners’ different circumstances can affect that motivation. Participants status ranged from students and undergraduates to employed and postgraduates. However, the majority of the respondents were Egyptian students or undergraduates. A questionnaire was used as the primary instrument to collect data. Results indicate that the most prominent type of motivation is the intrinsic followed by the integrative, instrumental, and finally, the least prominent, extrinsic motivation. Moreover, motivational factors, such as a healthy environment and good learning materials greatly affect a learner’s motivation in SLL; the factor of teacher’s attitude towards the SL also has an impact on motivation in a strong way although seemingly not as vital as the previous two. Relationships are also perceived to either have a positive or neutral effect on second language learning for a person, indicating that the modern-day students and undergraduates value a relationship that supports their personal, professional, and relationship lives. It is recommended that language instructors should employ motivation type detection strategies to identify and cater for the different motivation types. They should also provide a healthy learning environment with proper and ample learning materials and activities to ensure a successful language learning process that would contribute to achievement of the sustainable development goals in education.


Motivation Types, Motivation Factors, Second Language Acquisition, Sustainability