Calfa Sözlüğünde Karışık Kopyalar

Calfa is a bilingual dictionary from French to Turkish. It was written in Latin letters by Ambroise Calfa in Paris in 1865. In Calfa, there are more than 25,000 different Turkish words that are given as corresponding French words. In this vocabulary, it is seen that there are also many words from other languages. Lars Johanson uses the term code copying for such words, which are often expressed in terms such as borrowing, loanwords. Johanson also divided copies into different types: general copies, selective copies, and mixed copies. In this study, mixed copies in Calfa are discussed. More than twenty mixed copies have been identified in Calfa with copied combinational patterns and morphemes such as boğazaver, eylikdar, nimelcik, yekçiçek, yekgöz, soyzade, tahsîli vergi, uğûri padişahide, ordûi kebir, deruni yürekden, arslan?ane, which do not appear in today's dictionaries. The Persian language, with which it is closely related, has a great influence on such copies. New words have been lexicalised by sampling the compound structures in this language. With these mixed copies, some of which are only seen in Calfa, it has been tried to correspond to the French words and new concepts needed.


Calfa Dictionary, vocabulary, copying, mixed copies.