Bihiştî Ramazan’ın Mollâ Câmî’nin Mu?ammâ-i Sagîr Adlı Risalesine Yazdığı Şerh: Şerh-i Manzûme-i Mu?ammâ

Molla Abdurrahman Câmî (d. 1492), one of the most important names of the literary and cultural atmosphere that reached its peak in Herat with Hüseyin Baykara and Ali Şîr Nevâyî, is a great poet who influenced Turkish literature. Câmî, who is said to have over forty-five works, left considerable traces in both Iranian literature and Turkish literature developing in Anatolia with his works on mysticism, literature, rhetoric and religious sciences. Mollâ Câmî, who was shown great interest and respect by the Ottoman sultans, was also accepted as a master by Turkish poets. So much so that the people in the Câmî's assembly were complimented in Anatolia. Many of our poets took pride in presenting themselves as Câmî's peerage, and according to the biographies, six poets wrote poems under the pseudonym "Câmî" in the Ottoman field. Nazires were written on the ghazals of Molla Câmî, his masnavis and works were annotated and translated by Turkish poets and commentators. It is possible to see the influence of Mollâ Câmî in many works of different genres written in Turkish literature. Risâle-i Kübrâ der-Mu?ammâ (Hilye-i Hilel) and Risâle-i Sagîr der-Mu?ammâ, which he wrote especially in the field of enigma, are among the works that have been annotated by Turkish commentators. Bihişti Ramazan Efendi (d. 1571) is one of the poets who wrote an annotation to Mollâ Câmî's enigmatic treatise named Risâle-i Sagîr der-Mu?ammâ. This concise treatise, in which the definition and methods of the enigma are briefly introduced, is an abbreviated form of Câmî's great enigma treatise, with its details removed, tidy, concise and concise. In this article, the work named Şerh-i Manzûme-i Mu?ammâ written by Bihişti Ramazan for this treatise is introduced and the transcript of the work is given.


Mollâ Câmî, enigma, commentary, Bihişti Ramadan, divan literature